Natural History of Vermont’s Champlain Valley and Beyond
If you only watch one video on the importance of protecting biodiversity (i.e. life on earth as we know it) it should be this one by Doug Tallamy: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lrRJm-yLsQ8
Books for reading the landscape:
Reading the Forested Landscape – Tom Wessels
Wetland, Woodland, Wildland – Elizabeth H. Thompson and Eric R. Sorenson https://vtfishandwildlife.com/wetland-woodland-wildland
The Nature of Vermont – Charles Johnson
The Agency of Natural Resources Atlas: Vermont ANR Atlas
Vermont Conservation Design: https://anr.vermont.gov/node/1182
The Geology of Vermont, B. Doolan, 1996
Paleontology of the Champlain Valley, Welby, 1962 (pdf)
A global map showing changes over geologic time by address: http://dinosaurpictures.org/ancient-earth#540
Vermont State Rocks with descriptions and locations: https://dec.vermont.gov/geological-survey/vermont-geology/staterx
An overview of glacial processes in the Champlain valley:
A visualization of the formation of kame terraces and deltas during retreat of the Laurentide glacier from part of central Vermont by created by Chris Fastie, 2010
For help visualizing animal gaits, check out this awesome video by tracker Steve Leckman.
For more tracking resources, these two books are outstanding:
Tracking and the Art of Seeing: Paul Rezendes
Another good guide is:
Mammal Tracks : Life-Size Tracking Guide: Lynn Levine
Here is a great link about how to tell candids apart in trail camera photos:
Physics of Snow
Snowpack depth and density are critical to rodent overwinter survival.
For information on Vermont’s archaeological past, the UVM Consulting Archaeology Program, UMass Archaeological Services, and VELCO published a 40+ page booklet in 2011 that covers the research and excavations done on a new power line location through three Champlain Valley counties. They give a brief overview of the three main Native American periods Peter Thomas mentioned (Paleoindian, Archaic, and Woodland), descriptions of the field work and information collected on the power line route, and descriptions and photos of the artifacts they found, including how they were made and used. This booklet was given to all the schools and libraries in the region the power line passed through, and was aimed at the general public and is very readable and available to download here: https://core.tdar.org/document/391860/powerful-history-the-archaeology-of-native-people-in-the-champlain-lowlands
Signs of Spring
Newcomb’s Wildflower Guide
Julie Pacholik explores the practice of sit spots with the Crow’s Path kids:
From the Appalachian Mountain Club blog: https://www.outdoors.org/from-the-magazine-blog/how-to-keep-a-nature-journal.
And some of the “Hip Pocket Activities” for kids from the Appalachian Trail Conservancy work for sit spots for adults, too: http://www.appalachiantrail.org/home/explore-the-trail/hiking-basics/groups-families-and-pets/hiking-games-and-activities.
This is a free-form approach to mapping that incorporates drawing and writing in real-time while you’re out in the woods. You end up with a not-to-scale “treasure map” of your outing. It’s an excellent way to slow down while you’re outside. A Trail Through Leaves: The Journal as a Path to Place by Hannah Hinchman is the original source. Here is the practiced used with students as described by Laura Yayac: