Each VMN candidate works on a team project in conservation education or stewardship in their host town to complete their master naturalist training. Projects tend to fall into eight major categories: wildlife monitoring, riparian restoration, natural area inventory and assessment, pollinator habitat enhancement, invasive plant and animal management, school programs, nature art events, and public natural history walks.
In the spring of 2019, five UVM students worked with VMN to document some of the 25 projects running at that time. A representative sample of those projects are showcased below. Thank you (from left to right) Annie Barkan, Alison Davis, Jessica Savage, Cassidy Motahari and Amanda Duffy (not pictured) for all of your hard work and creativity on this and on the documentary featured on our home page (photo by Cheryl Dorschner.)
Vermont Master Naturalist (VMN) teams partnered with the Burlington Mammal Tracking Project (https://www.trackingvt.org/) to monitor wildlife corridors in Burlington and South Burlington. Since its start in 2015, the Mammal Tracking Project has collected over 800 observations of how fox, fisher, bobcat, coyote, otter and seven other large mammals find habitat and travel corridors in the Champlain Valley. These data are crucial advocacy tool for city planners, local conservation organizations, and the general public for making decisions with wildlife in mind.
The Mammal Tracking Project relies on crowdsourced data from the online citizen science tool and smartphone app called iNaturalist. Though this is a powerful way to engage local wildlife enthusiasts in local conservation, data entered into iNaturalist need to be carefully annotated and verified by other expert trackers. The VMN team in Burlington invited the public to a tracking walk at Valley Ridge and followed that trip with an iNaturalist training. Valley Ridge is a currently undeveloped 18-acre natural area with riparian floodplain forest along the Winooski River in Burlington and South Burlington. It is a vital wildlife corridor that allows mobility up and down the Winooski River without having to cross Interstate 89. Participants visited this area with a tracking expert and then received hands-on training on how to enter observations into the Burlington Mammal Tracking Project’s iNaturalist page (https://www.inaturalist.org/projects/burlington-vt-mammal-tracking). The VMN teams hope this activity will encourage participants to learn more about mammal activity in their backyard and to support their project as it grows and expands into neighboring towns. A VMN Bristol 5 Town team is also conducting a wildlife corridor project in Monkton and a VMN Richmond team is monitoring wildlife in the new Andrews Community Forest.
For the Vermont Master Naturalist Pollinator Project, team members collaborated with Burlington Parks, Recreation, and Waterfront to achieve a Bee City USA designation for Burlington. The goals of a Bee City are to enhance pollinator habitat and raise awareness about the role of pollinators in urban environments. The Pollinator Project tasks were to prepare the Bee City USA application, draft the resolution adopted by City Council on April 29th and host a table to celebrate the accomplishment at Kids Day on May 11th, 2019. Over 200 kids visited the table to make balls out of clay, compost and seeds from native annuals to plant in their gardens and yards. A VMN team is also working on enhancing pollinator habitat in Williston.
A VMN team created a school program in Starksboro based on Larry Montague’s workshop: “Hip Hop Will Save the Planet.” In his experience leading the workshops, Larry has found that the majority of young people (regardless of gender, race, location and demographic) identify with hip-hop culture in some way. Because of this, Larry believes that by combining science and art and allowing the kids to express themselves through music, dance, art, and spoken word will foster better connections and a deeper relationship to their natural world. In Starksboro, a VMN team explored hip-hop’s role in nature education by combining tracking, music, poetry and art into a school-wide performance. Hip hop developed out of the Bronx, NY, into a global force whose reach can be found in just about every facet of modern society. Most relevant to future climate action is the fact that young people—the future leaders of our world—listen to its music, emulate its styles, and speak its language. Given this widespread influence, young people have an incredible opportunity to deliver positive messaging to the masses. VMN is also running school programs and projects in Burlington, South Hero, and Richmond.
Invasive Plant and Animal Management
The distribution of invasive plants in Mud Pond Conservation Area has become extensive and ecologically problematic. The Town of Williston considers Mud Pond Conservation Area as a high conservation priority due to its location within the rapidly developing Chittenden County, as well as the fact that it contains a sensitive peat bog ecosystem as well as fragile and ecologically significant wetlands. Creation of an invasive management plan will help characterize the distribution, establishment, and size of patches of invasive plants such as both common and glossy buckthorn, honeysuckle, barberry, and bittersweet. The plan will also include GPS-referenced photos of each patch, strategies for removal, as well as maps of the patches that are highest priority for removal because the plants present are older than the reproductive age for that species of invasive. VMN also has teams working on Emerald Ash Borer response planning in South Hero and Richmond.
Burlington Wild! Art Hop Workshops and Storytelling Event
This VMN project team in partnership with Burlington Parks, Recreation and Waterfront will host a series of summer workshops to create art for an Art Hop event on September 6, 7, and 8th. The art show celebrates the wild places of Burlington. Part I: In the summer, members of this team will organize a series of artistic workshops celebrating Burlington’s natural landscapes. Past workshops have focused on photography, poetry, watercolor painting and botanical drawing.
Part II: In the fall, the team will curate an Art Hop Show at Evolution Yoga. The art show will feature work by the participants in the summer workshops and other Burlington residents who have created artwork about how the parks, urban wilds, and nature of Burlington inspire them. We hope their work inspires others to draw, write about, and take photos of their favorite wild places. The event will culminate in an afternoon of storytelling called Wild Burlington! This will be the third successful year of this project.
Burlington Phenology Calendar
The Burlington Phenological calendar will represent the sequence of seasonal natural events in the city, and encourage residents to experience our dynamic environment. With an impressive 49% of open space, direct proximity to Lake Champlain, and a variety of natural community types, Burlington is a unique urban ecosystem. The content for the calendar will draw from the collected observations from residents. No Burlingtonian can avoid the cottonwood fluff that blanket the entire city in early summer. Or miss hundreds of roosting crows cackling as winter comes. There are lesser-noticed events too, like short-lived ephemerals that only surface their pretty flowers in yet-shaded spring forests. When can you expect to see migratory birds? Or when is the most likely time in the winter to find fox tracks in the snow? These are just a few possibilities of what the calendar will record.
Natural Resource Inventories
The Beaver Meadows wetland is a unique ecological gem in our community that is both visually stunning and provides habitat for rare flora and fauna. It is located at the intersection of Bristol, Ripton, and Middlebury in the Green Mountain National Forest, yet is unknown to all but a handful of people. The Bristol Trail Network (BTN) would like to make the Beaver Meadows a more accessible destination for nature enthusiasts and hikers, but they need help to make this vision a reality. The road leading to the wetland is difficult to traverse, the wetlands themselves can be hazardous (and well, wet!), and there are no well-publicized trails. To change this, the BTN has asked a Vermont Master Naturalist team to conduct a preliminary study to explore the Beaver Meadows. The final report would consist of the team’s recommendations for a hiking trail at the Beaver Meadows based on information gathered from VT Fish and Wildlife experts, the Forest Service, local knowledge, and maps of potential trail locations based on the team’s exploration of the area. This information will be used by the BTN leaders (and any interested Vermont Master Naturalists) to apply for trail building grants and begin working with the BTN trail building volunteers. VMN inventory projects are also underway in Richmond and South Burlington.
The riparian restoration project in Richmond is called the Volunteer Green Tree Planting Project. It involves working with community members and professionals with varying expertise to enhance the current riparian zone or buffer to an acceptable distance — or at least 75’ from the river, while not adversely impacting the river itself or overly diminishing the public’s use of this valuable recreational space. Another goal is to attempt to find a way to reinforce the riverbank itself to minimize erosion, and in a manner that meets community esthetic, financial and ecological considerations.
Riparian restoration along major streams: the town has been working with landowners and partner organizations to plant riparian buffers along the Allen Brook and the Muddy Brook. There are now several established riparian planting sites in Williston. These sites need continued monitoring and stewardship, and the town would like to establish new plantings, especially along the Muddy Brook. A VMN team will organize one or more volunteer riparian stewardship work days, to assess the condition of stream planting sites and remove and dispose of plastic tree tubes and mats no longer needed.
Wildlife monitoring photo by Chelsea Smiley; pollinator photo by Jessa Mason; Burlington Wild! photo by Elise Schadler; black bear and cubs photo by USDA. All other photos by the UVM team above.